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道歉的艺术——雅思G类写作考试Task 1答题技巧盘点

日期: 2019-03-19 16:42

来源:IDP

  有时抱歉似乎最难说出口,其实也不一定,尤其是在雅思G类考试当中。

  本文将介绍两类道歉型题目(个人道歉及正式道歉),介绍该如何解答这两类题目,并通过案例分析来帮助大家理解。

  示例:

  1. You missed an important dinner meeting at work.你错过了很重要的工作晚宴。

  Write a letter to your manager.写信给你的经理

  In the letter:信中需要描述:

  
       2. You said you would attend your best friend’s birthday party but you did not go.允诺要参加好友的生日宴而未能参加。

  Write a letter to your friend.写信给你的朋友

  In the letter:信中需要描述:


  这两封信有哪些相同点?

  这两封信都要求你承认错误,对发生的事情给出合理的解释并做出补救措施。

  这两封信有哪些不同点?

  第一封信关系到你的工作和你与同事的工作关系。如果不弥补过失,你可能会丢掉饭碗。

  第二封信是个人情况。你冒犯了一个好朋友。如果你对此没有采取任何措施,你们的友谊可能会破裂。

  你应该在这两封信中写些什么?

  道歉通常是一个严肃的话题,因此在信中开玩笑或谈论其他事宜是不合适的。即使是在私人道歉信中,也要做到开门见山。

  另一件需要避免的事情是生气地阐述未能参加派对或会议的原因。这并不是要人来帮你解决受到的不公平对待的问题,我们需要的只是和解。

  如果你仔细阅读以上例题中每项要求,就可以总结出清晰地写作要求:

  承认你所做的事情令他人失望,不便或感到冒犯。

  承担责任并解释过失是如何发生的。

  作出弥补措施。

  道歉信的语气有何不同?

  道歉信的语气取决于你与收信人的关系,以及问题的严重程度。

  商务信函或正式信函的用词,短语和正文内容需要非常尊重。个人信函可以使用更像是与朋友交谈的语言。

  对于道歉类信函,这里有一些常用的非正式和正式的短语供你使用:

正式或商业信函 非正式或个人信函
I am very sorry that I was not able to come.很抱歉我未能出席。 I’m so sorry I wasn’t able to make it.很抱歉我没做到。
Please accept my sincerest apology.请接受我最诚挚的道歉。 Please accept my apology.请接受我的道歉。
I wish to sincerely apologize for missing the meeting.我为错过会议而真挚道歉。 I ‘m sorry I missed your party.对不起,我错过了你的派对。
I regret that I was not in attendance.很遗憾我未能出席。 I regret that I couldn’t come.很遗憾我没有参加。

  参考答案及分析:

  Dear Mr. Johnson,

  I am writing to apologize for not attending the team building dinner last night. I understand that these events are valuable but, unfortunately, I was held up and could not get there on time.

  My absence was a result of an overextended meeting with John Powers, the CEO. Mr. Powers called an emergency problem solving conference about the Waterford campaign that carried over late into the evening. He insisted on no interruptions during our discussions so phones were silenced. By the time I was able to message you, it was after eleven o’clock and our team dinner meeting had completed.

  I have followed up with everyone to explain why I was not there. In addition, I have reserved a table in the cafeteria at lunch for those who can join and share their take away from the team building exercises with me today. If there is anything else I need to know or do, please let me know.

  Once again, I sincerely regret missing the activities and dinner and hope you understand the unavoidable circumstances that led to my absence.

  Yours truly,

  Marcus Prendergast
————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

  Dear Pam,

  I’m so sorry that I missed your birthday party yesterday. I know a lot of planning went into the surprise but something unavoidable kept me from being there.

  Unfortunately, I got a call from my son’s school telling me that he’d been injured at his out of town football tournament and I had to drive to Kingston to get him. It turns out that it was just some bruising but the drive and the four-hour wait in the emergency department made it impossible to make it back in time for the celebrations.

  With the party being a surprise, I couldn’t message you when I left and I lost cellular service once I got out of the city limits.

  I trust you got the card and flowers I sent last night and I’d love to take you out for lunch next week to hear all about the fun you had.

  I’m really regretting that I couldn’t be there to spend your 50th with you. Hope you’ll forgive me.

  Sincerely,

  Joan
 

  注意这两封信函的开头和结尾有何不同。商业信函一般用Mr.开头,并通常与姓或名连在一起使用。而在私人信函中,直接称呼对方名字更为合适,也显得不那么拘谨。

  信函结束语也有不同的语气。在给朋友的道歉信中,Sincerely比较常用;Yours truly在工作信函中较为常用。

  此外,通过缩略语可以表达出更私人或者更有对话效果的语气(例如couldn’t, he’d, I’d)。在给朋友的道歉信中,用I’m really regretting that I couldn’t be there. 以及Hope you’ll forgive me 比较合适;在给老板的道歉信中,用I sincerely regret missing the activities. 以及Hope you understand the circumstances that led to my absence更好。

  除此之外,道歉信的段落结构相同。与议论文相比,信函段落相对较短,长度在150到200个字之间。当然这都是回答清楚雅思题目要求的所有要点并做出完善陈述的字数。

  读完本文,你应该已经了解道歉信应该如何书写。暂时忘掉考试,庆祝下自己的进步吧!

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