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提高雅思词汇量——健康篇

日期: 2019-02-11 15:56

来源:IDP

  在本系列文章中,我们通过创建常见雅思主题的“词汇集”来扩充雅思词汇量。截至目前,已经探讨了教育、交通、环境、旅行与假日等主题。在最后一集中,我们来了解一下“健康”主题。

  “健康”相关词汇

  健康是一个非常常见的雅思主题,相关问题集中在饮食习惯、健身,以及健康等子主题上。举例来说,在口语空啊是中,你可能会遇到谈论自己运动或饮食习惯的问题,或者是讨论保持健康的生活方式的益处等。在雅思写作考试中(尤其是Task 2),可能要求你写出与健康有关的热门问题(例如儿童缺乏运动等),讨论这些问题的解决方案。也可能会遇到题目要求你分析政府和其他组织可以做哪些事来帮助人们培养健康的生活习惯。

  第1组:Fitness健身

  shape

词性 noun
含义 good physical condition
搭配 in/out of shape
stay in shape
get back into shape
例句 I knew I was out of shape when I started getting out of breath running up the stairs.
发音 /ʃeɪp/

  toned
词性 adjective
含义 describing a firm and strong body
搭配 toned body/muscles
toned legs/arms/abs
例句 There’s no denying that in order to have a toned body you need to exercise regularly.
发音 /təʊnd/

  vigorous
词性 adjective
含义 involving physical strength, effort or energy
搭配 vigorous exercise
extremely/very vigorous
quite vigorous
例句 Extremely vigorous exercise can increase the risk of injury and even heart attacks.
发音 /ˈvɪɡ.ər.əs/

  第2组:Eating habits饮食习惯

  comfort food
词性 noun
含义 the type of food that provides a feeling of well-being, often sweet food or food that people used to eat as children
搭配 a great comfort food
to be considered (a) comfort food
例句 Eating pancakes makes me happy – it’s a great comfort food.
发音 /ˈkʌm.fət ˌfuːd/

  portion
词性 noun
含义 the amount of food served to a person
搭配 double/generous/large portion
small/tiny portion
individual portion
a portion of (something)
divide (something) into portions
例句 It’s important to add a generous portion of fruit and vegetables to every meal.
发音 /ˈpɔː.ʃən/

  dietary
词性 adjective
含义 relating to your diet
搭配 dietary habits
dietary requirement
dietary supplement
例句 Dietary habits can be difficult to change.
发音 /ˈdaɪ.ə.tər.i/

  第3组:Health issues健康问题

  overweight
词性 adjective
含义 above a weight considered normal
搭配 an overweight man/woman/child
to be overweight
very/seriously overweight
a bit/a little/slightly/a few pounds overweight
例句 The growing number of overweight children is very worrying.
发音 /ˌəʊ.vəˈweɪt/

  diabetes
词性 noun
含义 a medical condition in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood
搭配 cause diabetes
get/have diabetes
suffer from diabetes
例句 The biggest problem with eating too much sugar is that it can cause diabetes.
发音 /ˌdaɪ.əˈbiː.tiːz/

  fatigue
词性 noun
含义 extreme tiredness
搭配 extreme/severe fatigue
suffer from fatigue
combat/fight (off)/reduce fatigue
例句 I fought off fatigue by changing my diet and exercise habits.
发音 /fəˈtiːɡ/

  第4组:Healthcare医疗保健

  medical insurance (medical cover)
词性 noun
含义 insurance for the cost of medical treatment
搭配 buy/have medical insurance
provide medical insurance
private medical insurance
to be without medical insurance
medical insurance policy/plan
medical insurance costs/premiums
例句 I believe that a country’s government should be responsible for providing medical insurance for its citizens.
发音 /ˈmed.ɪ.kəl ɪnˌʃɔː.rəns/

  immunisation (US immunization)
词性 noun
含义 the process of protecting a person or animal from a disease by putting a substance into the body
搭配 routine immunisation
mass immunisation
the use of immunisations
例句 The topic of immunisation is a controversial one, as some people believe that the use of immunisations is linked to autism.
发音 /ˌim.jə.naɪˈzeɪ.ʃən/

  surgery
词性 noun
含义 the process of cutting open the body to treat an injury or disease
搭配 have/undergo surgery
surgery on (part of the body)
recover from surgery
例句 I was recovering from back surgery then, so I was unable to play any sports or do any kind of vigorous exercise.
发音 /ˈsɜː.dʒər.i/

  虽然雅思考试不需要准备特定的医学类词汇,但你可以讨论自己或者你认识人的重要的就医经历。所以你最好能创建一个相关的词汇集,包括可以用于谈论你曾经体验的词汇和短语(例如“在医院”或者“做理疗”)

  健康相关习语:
        习语                          含义

                                     例句

a clean bill of health

a decision by a doctor that someone is healthy

After months of treatment, I was given a clean bill of health by my doctor.

be back on your feet

to be healthy again after a period of illness

It didn’t take very long for her to be back on her feet again.

be (as) fit as a fiddle/flea

to be healthy and strong

My grandfather is in his 90s, but he’s fit as a fiddle.

  这是本系列最后一篇文章。希望考生能不断扩大词汇量,这样你才能与之相关,并且在备考期间不断复习提高词汇的使用能力。既然现在已经学会如何创建相关词汇集,就来多为你认为重要的主题创建新的词汇集!

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提高雅思听力的五条建议

1. 习惯各种口音
2. 仔细审题
3. 答题纸上不要留空
4. 边听边预测题目
5. 多听多练

雅思IELTS写作小窍门

1. 尽可能多说多练
2. 回听自己的发音
3. 了解评分标准

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