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提高雅思词汇量——环境篇

日期: 2019-02-01 17:47

来源:IDP

  本文是<提高雅思词汇量>5篇系列文章之三,你可以先来回顾一下前两篇文章:
 

  提高雅思词汇量——教育篇
 

  提高雅思词汇量——交通篇
 

  这篇文章讲述雅思考试中与环境相关的词汇。我们仍将用词汇集和子主题的形式来介绍,你可以整理在自己的词汇本里。最后还会介绍一些自然与环境习语,请继续阅读!
 

  “环境”相关词汇
 

  “环境”是相当常见的雅思主题之一,尤其在雅思口语考试Part 3,以及雅思写作考试Task 2中经常会遇到。在雅思口语考试Part 3中,考官会与你深入讨论这个主题,并且能有效的支持你的论点。在雅思写作考试Task 2中,可能需要你分析一个与环境相关的问题,通过分析原因、预测结果,来提供可行性解决方案。为帮助大家充分准备好这两种类型题目,我们整理了三个与环境相关的子主题,每个子主题中都含有你可以在雅思考试中使用的单词和短语。
 

  第1组:自然界 The natural world
 

  wildlife

词性 noun
含义 animals and plants that grow in natural conditions
搭配 endangered wildlife
local/native wildlife
preserve/protect/save wildlife
endanger/threaten/damage/harm wildlife
wildlife conservation/protection
例句 It is well known that the use of pesticides harms wildlife, yet we continue to use them.
发音 /ˈwaɪld.laɪf/

       biodiversity
词性 noun
含义 the variety of life (plants and animals) found in a particular place
搭配 preserve biodiversity
biodiversity conservation
loss of biodiversity
例句 I believe more funding should be made available for biodiversity conservation.
发音 /ˌbaɪ.əʊ.daɪˈvɜː.sə.ti/

        ecology
词性 noun
含义 the relationship between living things and their environment in a particular area
搭配 animal/human/marine/plant
fragile ecology
damage/disrupt the ecology
例句 Water pollution has caused great damage to the marine ecology.
发音 /iˈkɒl.ə.dʒi/
     
        natural resources
词性 noun
含义 any of the materials that exist in nature and that can be used by people
搭配 natural resources conservation/management
use of natural resources
rich in natural resources
例句 Saudi Arabia is a country rich in natural resources, particularly in oil.
发音 /ˈnætʃ·ər·əl ˈri·sɔrs, ˈri·sɔʊrs/

        species
词性 noun
含义 a group of animals or plants in which
搭配 living species
endangered/threatened species
extinct species
protected species
species of (fish, bird, insect, etc.)
例句 Sadly, most of the endangered species are at risk due to human activity.
发音 /ˈspiː.ʃiːz/

        第2组: 环境问题Environmental issues

       emission
词性 noun
含义 an amount of something, particularly a harmful gas, that is sent out into the air
搭配 emissions of greenhouse gases/carbon dioxide
cut/reduce/limit emissions
emission cuts/reductions/control
例句 I think developed countries should aim to reduce emissions, even if it means slower economic growth.
发音 /ɪˈmɪʃən/

        global warming
词性 noun
含义 an increase in the earth’s temperature that causes changes in climate
搭配 fight/combat/tackle global warming
contribute to global warming
the effects of global warming
例句 Some people think that it’s too late to reverse the effects of global warming.
发音 /ˌɡləʊ.bəl ˈwɔː.mɪŋ/


        carbon footprint
词性 noun
含义 a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide that a person or organization produces
搭配 reduce the carbon footprint of
例句 Nowadays, more and more organizations are committed to reducing their carbon footprint.
发音 /ˌkɑː.bən ˈfʊt.prɪnt/

       dumping ground
词性 noun
含义 a place where things that are not wanted are left
搭配 a dumping ground for
例句 We must stop treating our oceans like a dumping ground.
发音 /ˈdʌm.pɪŋ ˌɡraʊnd/

       oil spill
词性 noun
含义 an accident in which oil has come out of a ship and into the environment, and caused pollution
搭配 victims of oil spills
large scale oil spills
例句 Many species of fish and birds are often victims of oil spills.
发音 /ˈɔɪl ˌspɪl/

  第3组:保护环境 Helping the environment

  carbon-neutral

词性 adjective
含义 If a person, activity or organization is carbon-neutral, it does things like planting trees to reduce carbon dioxide by the same amount as it produces it.
搭配 become (totally) carbon-neutral
例句 Being carbon-neutral should be the goal of every responsible company.
发音 /ˌkɑː.bənˈnjuː.trəl/


        environmentally-friendly

词性 adjective
含义 not harmful to the environment
搭配 environmentally-friendly business/company
environmentally-friendly practices
environmentally-friendly technologies
environmentally-friendly products
例句 It is important that, as customers, we demand environmentally-friendly products.
发音 /ɪn.vaɪ.rənˌmen.təl.i ˈfrend.li/


        preserve

词性 verb
含义 to keep something as it is
搭配 preserve the environment
seek to/try to preserve
help (to) preserve
例句 We must help to preserve the environment for future generations.
发音 /prɪˈzɜːv/


        sustainability
词性 noun
含义 the idea that we should meet our own needs in ways that do not damage the environment and that do not use resources that cannot be replaced
搭配 environmental sustainability
sustainability of sth
promote sustainability
例句 From recycling to using public transport, there are many things that we can all do to promote sustainability.
发音 /səˌsteɪnəˈbɪlɪti/


       biodegradable
词性 adjective
含义 able to decay in a natural way that is not harmful to the environment
搭配 biodegradable packaging/materials
例句 I always buy products that come in biodegradable packaging.
发音 /ˌbaɪəʊdɪˈɡreɪdəbl/

        自然与环境相关习语:
                        习语                           解释                    例句
Mother Nature nature or weather considered as a force that controls all living things It’s easy to forget about all of the wonders that Mother Nature provides us.
to go/get back to nature to start living a simpler life, one that allows us to be more in tune with nature I was ready to get away from the city and go back to nature.
to go green to choose an environmentally-friendly lifestyle We’ve decided to go green by eating natural, organic, locally produced foods.

  雅思考试中,各种主题还会交叉出现。例如交通问题,也会涉及到环境问题上。也正因如此,你需要提前做好准备,以便在考场上可以从各个方面来回答考题,并且灵活运用这些新学的雅思词汇来描述。
 

  敬请关注提高雅思词汇量第四集:旅游篇。


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提高雅思听力的五条建议

1. 习惯各种口音
2. 仔细审题
3. 答题纸上不要留空
4. 边听边预测题目
5. 多听多练

雅思IELTS写作小窍门

1. 尽可能多说多练
2. 回听自己的发音
3. 了解评分标准

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