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雅思写作秘籍:“同意或不同意”类文章如何写作

日期: 2019-01-31 15:37

来源:IDP

  在雅思写作考试Task 2 40分钟答题时间内,你需要确定问题、给出论点、找到论据,然后写出一篇逻辑通顺的文章。
 

  因为时间有限,考生没有制定写作大纲,论点不清楚,从而导致文章主题不明确或者跑题等情况非常常见。这种文章一般得分都不高。
 

  如果你想节省时间,并且确保文章脉络清晰(这是写作拿高分的关键之一),你就应该明白如何组织语言。
 

  在下文中,我将为大家介绍一个写作模板。这个模板并不神秘,你甚至会回忆起学过的英语课程有相关知识。建议你把它用作写作模板来逐句编写文章。这样一来,你的观点就会更清晰,你也会写的很有自信,也节省了写作时间。
 

  我会通过一些基本模板来解释写作方法,并且举例说明。然后将它们组合起来看一看文章的流畅程度。
 

  先来看看模板。
 

  同意/不同意作文 - 4段模板
 

  第一段 – 导语
 

  第一句:陈述文章要论述的问题(你可以简单地重新组织语句来概括问题)。
 

  第二句:陈述你对此事的看法。
 

  第三句:简要概述你将在接下来的两段中写下什么来支持你的意见。

 

  第二和第三段 – 支撑段
 

  第一句(中心句):首句介绍本段主旨:论点1。
 

  第二句:假设读者对这个话题一无所知,清楚地解释你的论点。
 

  第三句:用真实/虚构的例子来说明并支撑论点。
 

  第四句:陈述对立面,但要转回你的立场。

 

  第三段 - 重复上段
 

  第一句(主题句):首句介绍本段主旨:论点2。
 

  第二句:假设读者对这个话题一无所知,清楚地解释你的论点。
 

  第三句:用真实/虚构的例子来说明并支撑论点。
 

  第四句:陈述对立面,但要转回你的立场。

 

  第四段 – 结尾段
 

  第一句:重复你的观点,并总结你的两个论点。
 

  第二句:根据你的论证引申出未来预测或建议。
 

  接下来,用公式来套用回答这个作文题:

雅思写作秘籍:“同意或不同意”类文章如何写作
 

  同意/不同意作文 - 4段模板及示例
 

  第一段 – 导语
 

  第一句:陈述文章要论述的问题(可以简单地重新诠释题目)。
 

  Developing and buying medicine is expensive and some believe that money would be better spent on preventing disease from arising in the first place.
 

  第二句:陈述你对此事的看法。
 

  I somewhat disagree with this notion.
 

  第三句:简要概述你将在接下来的两段中如何支撑你的论点
 

  It would be a mistake to focus only on prevention as there will always be diseases to treat and spending money on the research and development of medicines might lead to more effective preventative measures.

 

  第二和第三段 – 支撑段
 

  第一句(主题句):首句介绍本段主旨:论点1。
 

  Preventative actions do not always stop illness from occurring.
 

  第二句:假设读者对这个话题一无所知,清楚地解释你的论点。
 

  One glance at the healthy living section of a book store shows that there are opposing opinions on what to do to keep illness away.
 

  第三句:用真实/虚构的例子来说明并支撑论点。
 

  For instance, smoking is an identified cause of cancer but choosing not to smoke does not guarantee that you will not develop lung cancer because it still occurs in non-smokers.
 

  第四句:陈述对立面,但要转回你的立场。
 

  So, although it is undeniable that preventative measures increase chances of a healthy life, they will never ensure a disease free world.

 

  第3段 - 重复上段
 

  第一句(主题句):首句介绍本段主旨:论点2。
 

  Instead, we need to continue funding the research and development of medicines to better understand the cause as well as the prevention of disease.
 

  第二句:假设读者对这个话题一无所知,清楚地解释你的论点。
 

  If we keep looking for ways to fight and treat sicknesses, we are more likely find better ways to stop them from occurring.
 

  第三句:用真实/虚构的例子来说明并支撑论点。
 

  For example, while searching for ways to cure a cold, scientists discovered that an effective way to avoid catching one was frequent hand cleaning but, prior to the science, it was mistakenly believed that avoiding cold air would keep the virus away.
 

  第四句:陈述对立面,但要转回你的立场。
 

  So, it’s true that it takes a great deal of money to develop new medicines, however, those investments lead to more informed methods for keeping people healthy.

 

  第四段 - 结尾段
 

  第一句:重复你的观点,并总结你的两个论点。
 

  Prevention goes far in improving people’s lives and reducing suffering but we still are not certain that these methods work for all, so continued investment into research and treatment is important.
 

  第二句:根据你的论证引申出未来预测或建议。
 

  Investing money in both tactics would be ideal.
 

  来看完成的完整文章:
 

  Developing and buying medicine is expensive and some believe that money would be better spent on preventing disease from arising in the first place. I somewhat disagree with this notion. It would be a mistake to focus only on prevention as there will always be diseases to treat and spending money on the research and development of medicines might lead to more effective preventative measures.
 

  Preventative actions do not always stop illness from occurring. One glance at the healthy living section of a book store shows that there are opposing opinions on what to do to keep illness away. For instance, smoking is an identified cause of cancer but choosing not to smoke does not guarantee that you will not develop lung cancer because it still occurs in non-smokers. So, although it is undeniable that preventative measures increase chances of a healthy life, they will never ensure a disease free world.
 

  Instead, we need to continue funding the research and development of medicines to better understand the cause as well as the prevention of disease. If we keep looking for ways to fight and treat sicknesses, we are more likely find better ways to stop them from occurring. For example, while searching for ways to cure a cold, scientists discovered that an effective way to avoid catching one was frequent hand cleaning but, prior to the science, it was mistakenly believed that avoiding cold air would keep the virus away. So, it’s true that it takes a great deal of money to develop new medicines, however, those investments lead to more informed methods for keeping people healthy.
 

  Prevention goes far in improving people’s lives and reducing suffering but we still are not certain that these methods work for all, so continued investment into research and treatment is important. Spending on both tactics would be ideal.
 

  正如模板介绍的那样,文章中的每个句子都有目的,所有句子组成了一篇有逻辑的议论文,让你的意见也更容易被理解。
 

  我希望你从这个例子中看到,当你付出一些努力来组织你文章段落句子时,阅读会成为毫不费力的事。而且,当你有一个明确的文章架构时,要达到文章清晰明了也不是困难的事。
 

  雅思热门博客还将为大家介绍其他类型的雅思写作模板。
 

  祝你好运,乐学英语。

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