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提高雅思词汇量——交通篇

日期: 2019-01-30 16:02

来源:IDP

         欢迎回到我们关于提高雅思词汇量的系列文章!如果还没有阅读上一篇文章,那么建议你先花几分钟时间回顾一遍。上篇文章简要介绍了通过常见的雅思主题学习新词汇的方法,并为你深入解读了教育相关词汇。本文将扩展交通相关词汇。
 
         交通相关词汇集
 
         就像日常生活中我们经常会谈到交通一样,这也是雅思考试中常见的主题。在雅思口语考试中,你很可能遇到与交通相关的问题。考官可能会要求你谈论某种交通工具,讨论你所在城市或乡镇的公共交通设施,简要介绍一次难忘的旅程,亦或是分析未来的交通发展趋势。在雅思写作考试Task 2中,你可能还会遇到常见的交通问题类题目。那么就让我们开始交通类词汇集,给出的子主题可以帮助你在上述情况下自由谈论或者写作交通相关考题:
 
         第1组:Types of transport交通工具的类型
 
streetcar (trolley)
词性 noun
含义 an electric vehicle that transports people and goes along metal tracks in the road
搭配 take/go on/ catch a streetcar
get on/off a streetcar
streetcar service
streetcar stop
(travel) by streetcar
例句 The best way to see the city is by streetcar.
发音 /ˈstriːt.kɑːr/

rapid-transit
词性 adjective
含义 refers to a system of fast-moving trains in a city
搭配 rapid-transit system
rapid-transit station
rapid-transit route
例句 Very few third world countries have efficient rapid-transit systems in place.
发音 /ˌræp.ɪdˈtræn.zɪt/

vessel
词性 noun
含义 a large boat or ship
搭配 cargo/commercial vessel
fishing vessel
passenger vessel
operate a vessel
board a vessel
aboard/on/on board a vessel
school/primary/secondary pupil
例句 Nowadays, it’s common for refugees to make dangerous journeys in a variety of unsafe vessels.
发音 /ˈves.əl/

         第2组:On the road在路上
 
congested
词性 adjective
含义 refers to roads that have too much traffic
搭配 congested road
to be congested
become/get congested
very/heavily/highly congested
congested with (vehicles)
例句 In my town, congested roads are normal during the week.
发音 /kənˈdʒes.tɪd/

rush hour
词性 noun
含义 the busy part of the day when people are travelling to work in the morning or when they are travelling home from work in the evening
搭配 rush hour traffic
rush hour times
in the/at/during rush hour
例句 The opening of the new bridge really helped with rush hour traffic.
发音 /ˈrʌʃ ˌaʊər/ 

carpool
词性 noun (or verb)
含义 two or more people who travel together to work or school, usually taking turns to drive
搭配 carpool of (three people)
carpool vehicle
carpool lane
organize/arrange a carpool
carpool to work/school (verb)
例句 If more people organized carpools, getting to work would be so much easier for everybody.
发音 /ˈkɑːpuːl/

         第3组:Travelling旅行
 

long-haul

词性 adjective
含义 travelling a long distance (antonym: short-haul)
搭配 long-haul flight/route/travel
long-haul airline/carrier
例句 Long-haul travel can be very stressful and exhausting for young children.
发音 /ˈlɒŋ.hɔːl/

itinerary
词性 noun
含义 a detailed plan or route of a journey
搭配 detailed/full itinerary
arrange/plan an itinerary
follow an itinerary
itinerary includes (something)
in/on an itinerary
例句 The tour operator gave us a detailed itinerary a couple of weeks before the trip, so we knew what to expect.
发音 /aɪˈtɪn.ər.ər.i/


round trip
词性 noun
含义 a trip to a place and back again
搭配 round trip ticket/fare
例句 I drive around 100 km round trip most weekends to see my parents.
发音 /ˌraʊnd ˈtrɪp/

         第4组:Transportation & environmental issues交通与环境问题
 
air pollution
词性 noun
含义 the presence of harmful substances in the air, often consisting of waste from vehicles
搭配 contributor to air pollution
urban air pollution
reduce air pollution
例句 Air travel is a major contributor to air pollution.
发音 /ˈeə pəˌluː.ʃən

emit
词性 verb
含义 to send out gas
搭配 emit gas
emit chemicals
emit carbon dioxide
emit high levels/large quantities of
例句 Vehicles emit high levels of harmful gases.
发音 /iˈmɪt/

electric car (electric vehicle)
词性 noun
含义 a car that uses energy from a battery to operate
搭配 electric car company/distributor
electric car rental
own an electric car
drive an electric car
charge an electric car
例句 Electric cars can reduce emissions and even save you money.
发音 /iˈlek.trɪk kɑːr/

第5组:Transportation in the future未来交通方式
 
spacecraft
词性 noun
含义 a vehicle used for travel in space
搭配 manned/unmanned aircraft
launch a spacecraft
in/on an spacecraft
例句 As space travel continues to grow, spacecraft will become a necessity.
发音 /ˈspeɪs.krɑːft/

autopilot

词性 noun
含义 equipment that allows for an aircraft or ship to travel in a particular direction without needing a person to control it
搭配 autopilot system
to be on autopilot
例句 Modern autopilot systems are capable of landing planes.
发音 /ˈɔː.təʊˌpaɪ.lət/

self-driving
词性 adjective
含义 refers to a vehicle that drives itself
搭配 self-driving car/vehicle
例句 I don’t think self-driving cars will ever replace conventional vehicles.
发音 /ˌselfˈdraɪ.vɪŋ/

         交通与旅行相关的习语
 
         在雅思考试中,使用习惯用语或者成语可以向考官展示你丰富的词汇量。但需要注意的是,当你使用包含于与交通相关的单词或短语时,它们的真实含义可能与交通无关(例如,ship has sailed 意思是大势已去,为时已晚)。以下是一些可以用来谈论交通和旅行的习语:
惯用语 含义 例句
get itchy feet to want to travel I love travelling. If I spend too much time in one place, I begin to get itchy feet.
beat the traffic to leave earlier than most people to avoid the traffic at the peak times of the day I usually leave for work before 8am to beat the traffic.
hitch a lift to get a free ride in a passing vehicle Our car ran out of petrol, so I had to hitch a lift with a passing truck to the nearest petrol station.
off the beaten track away from the frequently travelled routes We went to a small cabin in the woods, off the beaten track.
travel light to travel without bringing much luggage I don’t like big suitcases - I always travel light.

         在备考雅思的时候,手边准备一个词汇笔记本,保证你把遇到的新词都记录下来。继续阅读雅思热门博客,下一篇文章将介绍环境相关词汇。

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提高雅思听力的五条建议

1. 习惯各种口音
2. 仔细审题
3. 答题纸上不要留空
4. 边听边预测题目
5. 多听多练

雅思IELTS写作小窍门

1. 尽可能多说多练
2. 回听自己的发音
3. 了解评分标准

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